Ebola Virus Research Paper Pdf
During this phase, the virus infects endothelial cells, hepatocytes, monocytes and macrophages, is transported to the lymph nodes, and begins to replicate at a high rate Sullivan et al. The Sudan variant was responsible for both outbreaks. Hospitals would likely not accept patients known to be infected with Ebola virus in an effort to protect the uninfected as quarantine quarters would probably not be available.
Ebola virus disease is the kind of thing that horror writers dream about. This shows that cases show be reported earlier not to lead to death as Africa government should look critically to the trend and structure of this health hazard caused by the Ebola virus outbreak. Ebola replication overwhelms protein synthesis of infected cells and host immune defenses.
Historically those most susceptible are caregivers treating people who already have Ebola. Nina Pham's lawsuit against Texas Health Resources. Ebola is concentrated in Africa and the first recorded death from the disease happened there.
Accelerated vaccination for Ebola virus haemorrhagic fever in non-human primates. Extrapolating backwards using these rates indicates that Ebolavirus and Marburgvirus diverged several thousand years ago. Ebola Deadly Diseases and Epidemics. The virus can be transmitted through contact with blood, vomit, stool, cold chain logistics pdf or sweat. Vector-based vaccines have been utilized in research as well.
The cytopathic effect, from infection in the endothelial cells, results in a loss of vascular integrity. All these values can be adjusted in the health budget. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Individuals, therefore, may appear quite healthy and active yet still transmit the disease to others. Types of bleeding known to occur with Ebola virus disease include vomiting blood, coughing it up or blood in the stool.
Consequently, Bats drop partially eaten fruits and pulp, then land mammals such as gorillas and duikers feed on these fallen fruits. San Francisco Department of Public Health.
Currently there is no cure, vaccine, or antidote for Ebola virus infection. Many medical care personnel were infected. Preventive measure and awareness advert has to be putin place through media and other means of awareness campaign especially in the area of cleanliness and personal hygiene. It is spread through direct contact with body fluids like blood, saliva, urine, sperm, etc.
Virions bud off from the cell, gaining their envelopes from the cellular membrane they bud from. Not enough evidence exists yet to determine possible vectors, such as mosquitoes or rodents indigenous to the United States, for transmission of Ebola. Several species of bats in Africa have been found to carry the virus but not show its symptoms.
The filters are tested every. Viral haemorrhagic fevers of man. International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses.
For example, clinical laboratories frequently destroy samples immediately in. While it has been criticized for falling short of the ideal of complete protection.
The virus has shown, in a lab setting, to be passed from affected pigs to non-human primates without direct physical contact with the pigs or their bodily fluids. The name of the disease originates from the first recorded outbreak in in Yambuku, Democratic Republic of the Congo, which lies on the Ebola River. Information resources on Ebola virus disease. The infected cells leave the lymph nodes to travel throughout the body via the bloodstream.
This indicates that cases of reported human virulence almost double the percentage of death of reported human virulence. Transmission between natural reservoir and humans is rare, and outbreaks are usually traceable to a single case where an individual has handled the carcass of gorilla, chimpanzee or duiker. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. And that the lessons we learned from reining in that epidemic could offer some guidance for Lagos.
These white blood cells also serve as carriers to transport the virus throughout the entire body to places such as the lymph nodes, liver, lungs, and spleen. World Health Organization.
Fruit bats are believed to be the natural carriers of the virus, able to pass it on to humans and other mammals without being affected themselves. No respiratory aerosol transmission has between recorded from person to person to date. Lethal experimental infections of rhesus.
In the past, hospital-acquired transmission has occurred in African hospitals due to the reuse of needles and lack of universal precautions. Ebola can be transmitted with the exchange of any bodily fluids with anyone who is affected already. The outbreak started after the funerals of two village chiefs, and people in four villages fell ill. Epidemic spread through families and hospitals.
Fossilized viruses that are closely related to ebolaviruses have been found in the genome of the Chinese hamster. Infectious Disease Emergencies. This time in between and contained several outbreaks in Africa, nearly all originating from contact with chimpanzees who had died from the virus. How many people infected with ebola die? Replication results in full-length, positive-strand antigenomes that are, in turn, transcribed into negative-strand virus progeny genome copy.
Ebola virus Risk assessment and countermeasure options
No human infections were identified. There is virtually no evidence thus far to prove that Ebola virus has ever been used as a weapon, and no concrete evidence that it has been weaponized.
Paper Masters writes custom research papers on Ebola and examine the symptoms and origin of the destructive disease. Ebola research papers discuss the emergence of this disease in the world today. Ebola Virus Term Paper Uploaded by katylunger. Contact in general is also not recommended, especially with a recently deceased patient.
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